- Q: What's this? (something near)
- A: It's a .../ This is a ...
- Q: What's that? (something far away)
- A: It's a ... / That is a ...
- Q: Who's this? (a person near)
- A: It's X / This is X.
/ He or She is X.
- Q: Who's that? (a person far away)
- A: It's Y. / That's Y.
/ He or She is Y.
- Q: What are these (things near)
- A: They are ... / These are ...
- Q: What are those (things far away)
- A: They are ... / Those are ...
- Q: Is this a ...? Is that a ...?
- A: Yes it is. / No it isn't. Its a ...
- Q: Are these ...? Are those ...?
- A: Yes they are. / No they aren't, they're ...
- chair, table pen, book, coat-stand, window, door, computer, light, cupboard, mobile phone